Tuesday, June 19, 2018

~~~~The 4 Corners

~~~~The 4 Corners  

History


The area now called Four Corners was initially American Indian land and beginning in the 16th century it was claimed by Spain as part of New Spain. After Mexico gained independence from Spain in 1821, the area was governed by Mexico until being ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 following the United States' victory in the Spanish American War. 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_Cession

The first boundary which would become part of the monument was set as part of the Compromise of 1850, which created the New Mexico Territory and Utah Territory. The border between the two territories was congressionally defined as the 37th parallel north by the 31st United States Congress. In 1861, the 36th United States Congress transferred land previously allocated to the Utah Territory, to the newly created Colorado Territory. The Colorado Territory's southern border would remain as the 37th parallel north, but a new border—between the Colorado and Utah Territories—was declared to be the 32nd meridian west from Washington. This line was derived from the reference used at the time, the Washington meridian.

In 1860, just prior to the outbreak of the American Civil War, a group of people in the southern portion of New Mexico Territory passed a resolution condemning the United States for creating such a vast territory with only a single, small government in place at Santa Fe. They claimed by doing so the U.S. had ignored the needs of the southern portion, left them without a functional system of law and order, and allowed the situation to deteriorate into a state of chaos and near anarchy.

The group declared secession from the United States and announced their intent to join the Confederate States of America under the name of the Arizona Territory. The U.S. Congress responded in 1863 by creating another Arizona Territory with different, but partially overlapping boundaries. The Confederate boundaries split New Mexico along an east–west line, the 34th parallel north, allowing for a single state connection from Texas to the Colorado River. This would give the Confederacy access to California and the Pacific coast. The Union definition split New Mexico along a north–south line, the 32nd meridian west from Washington, which simply extended the boundary between Colorado and Utah southward. The Union plan eventually became reality, and this created the quadripoint at the modern Four Corners.[14] After the split, New Mexico resembled its modern form, with only slight differences.

http://www.explorefourcorners.com/
 Canyonlands eSolutions. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
https://web.archive.org/web/20090427203037/http://www.navajonationparks.org/htm/fourcorners.htm
https://web.archive.org/web/20080509145307/http://www.navajonationparks.org/htm/fourcorners.htm
Navajo Parks and Recreation


Struhs - Own work: Photograph made by me
Struhs - Own work: Photograph made by me
Metallic plate marking the "four corners" spot where the boundaries of the U.S. states of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah meet.
CC0
File:Four Corners Monument Marker 2012.jpg
Created: 20 June 2012
Location: 36° 59′ 56.33″ N, 109° 2′ 42.72″ W

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The Four Corners Monument marks the quadripoint in the Southwestern United States where the states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah meet. It is the only point in the United States shared by four states, leading to the area being named the Four Corners region.